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-v1.1 (Apr 17 2005) -Corrected Grenade Tactics data
-Added Nebelwerfer entry
-Added King Tiger entry
Many years ago, on the Playstation, the first historically accurate World War
II first person shooter came into being. This was Medal of Honor, in which
players took the role of Lt. Jimmy Patterson as he fought his way through
Europe using authentic weapons and amazing sound effects.
A year or so later, Steven Spielberg directed the movie that sparked off a mass
interest in the Second World War. This film was Saving Private Ryan, and
although containing many fictional and unrealistic elements, it left an image
in many fans. The indirect result of this was the PlayStation 2 game, Medal of
Honor Frontline, in which the series underwent its first realism makeover and
employed an outstanding atmosphere.
Branching off from this was Medal of Honor Allied Assault, the first PC Medal
of Honor game, and an instant classic. Playing as Lt. Mike Powell, players went
from North Africa to Norway to the beaches of Normandy, finally ending where
Jimmy Patterson had once start: Fort Schmertzen. While lacking the immersive
environment of Frontline, Allied Assault made up with plenty of action and
firefights, making excellent use of the keyboard and mouse configuration and
providing an easy-to-use interface. Allied Assault was a hit game, and arguably
still better than its expansions, Spearhead and Breakthrough.
Like Frontline, Allied Assault uses accurately modelled weapons based on their
real-life counterparts. These range from M1 Garands, Thompsons and MP40s to
Stg44's and Panzerschrecks. Each weapon is unique in their properties and
handling, just as each has their own strengths and weaknesses.
The purpose of this guide is to provide an in-depth look into historical
backgrounds of these weapons, and how to use them effectively in game. By
understanding their roots, one can improve their gaming experience in this
1.1 - Weapon Handling and Recoil
Unlike previous first-person shooters, Allied Assault accurately models weapons
by implementing certain features into the game. While iron sights cannot be
used, every weapon features a crosshair to indicate the approximate hit
Every weapon also has a certain "cone of fire" extending from the weapon. At
close ranges, bullets will have a very small hit pattern. At longer ranges, the
bullet spread is drastically higher. The amount of spread varies between
between weapons: rifles are almost pinpoint accurate to infinite ranges, while
pistols will be quite erratic beyond 20 metres or so.
Also implemented is "recoil", the kickback caused by firing the weapon. Allied
Assault simulates this by shaking the screen; the amount of shaking determined
by the type of weapon fired. Machine guns will have a lot more recoil, while
pistols will be quite stable.
With these factors in mind, it is important to consider the type of weapon used
for any situation, given the range of firefights, the accuracy of the weapon
and the amount of recoil it presents.
A small, relatively unimportant point to make is that in Allied Assault,
ammunition is classified by type rather than weapon. Instead of picking up
"Garand" rounds or "Thompson" ammo, you will instead pick up generic pistol,
rifle, submachine gun and machine gun rounds, among others. The ammunition you
pick up from a German rifle will be compatible with your Garand, and so on.
Obviously, this isn't exactly how it worked in real life, but that's how it is
in Allied Assault, for simplicity's sake.
Originally derived from incredibly shortened rifles, pistols grew from
flintlock sidearms to revolver technology to semi-automatic, magazine-fed
weapons, and ultimately to full-automatic mini-submachine guns. Light, easily
concealable and accurate at short ranges, the pistol makes an excellent
undercover weapon, and is most commonly used as a backup weapon for armed
Allied Assault features three pistols, including one only available for single
Designed by John Browning in 1900 and based off a previous civilian design, the
Colt M1911A1 was adopted by the US Army in 1911 after winning competitive
shooting trials in 1907. Various refinements were made after experience in the
First World War. When fired, the pistol recoils, allowing the barrel to move
downwards and back, ejecting the spent case and loading the next bullet. The
Colt also features a manual catch and external hammer, as well as a safety grip
that prevents the gun being fired unless held properly.
Initially, M1911A1's were not issued as a standard sidearm to American troops,
and was given only to officers. However, many non-commissioned soldiers
acquired their own M1911A1's, and they were later issued as a standard weapon
for all troops.
The M1911A1 has remained the standard sidearm of the US Army until late in the
20th Century without any modifications; it needs none. A solid weapon and one
of the finest pistols ever made, the M1911A1 packs a fierce punch and was a
trusty companion for the American soldier.
The American sidearm, the Colt .45 is automatically available in most single
player missions, and is given to all Allied players in multiplayer. The Colt
.45 is accurate at close ranges, and feels very solid to fire. However, actual
damage isn't much different from the German counterpart.
The Colt .45 should mainly be used as a backup weapon, especially when the
primary weapon requires reloading. Accuracy is incredibly sporadic at longer
Like all pistols, the Colt .45 has a melee attack, activated by the secondary
fire button (default: Right mouse button)
Prior to the Second World War, the standard German pistol was Pistole-08,
better known as the Luger. While comfortable to fire, it was too difficult to
manufacture, and as such was considered inappropriate for mass production. When
Hitler rose to power and began the massive redevelopment of the German armed
forces, Walther designed the P-38 to replace the aging Luger and provide the
German army with an easily produced handgun.
The P-38 was an advanced weapon for its time. It was the first weapon to
feature a short, top-open slide, and had plastic hand grips, which made the
weapon substantially lighter than contemporary handguns. The P-38 was accurate,
comfortable to carry and fire, and very reliable.
After the war, the P-38 was modified with an aluminium frame instead of steel,
and became the P-1, the standard handgun of the Bundeswehr, the West German
Army. A later modification, with a shorter barrel, was adopted by the police as
While not available in single player, the P-38 is automatically issued to all
Axis players in multiplayer. The P-38 has little to separate it from the Colt
.45, and is essentially the same weapon with one extra bullet.
Name: OSS HiStandard Silenced Pistol HD-Military
Country of origin: USA
Available for: Single Player
Calibre: .22 LR
Magazine capacity: 10 rounds
Firing mechanism: Blowback-operated
Weight: 1.46kg (unloaded)
Developed by the American Office of Strategic Services, the HiStandard Silenced
Pistol utilised the best suppressor in the war. With a complicated development
phase, including the testing of .45 ACP and M1 Carbine .30cal rounds for
suppressed performance, the HiStandard pistol was selected as the best pistol
for the job.
While several other suppressed pistols were developed in different countries,
none could match the effectiveness of the HiStandard. The suppressor, screwed
onto the protruding barrel, reduced the noise signature of the weapon by up to
20dB. The head of the OSS, William J. "Wild Bill" Donovan, claimed to have
snuck into the Oval Office and fired several rounds into a sandbag while
President Roosevelt was dictating a letter to his secretary.
The HiStandard was the most popular clandestine sidearm available, and although
phased out and now out of production, remained in use by agents in the field
during the Vietnam War. A HiStandard was found in the possession of Francis
Gary Powers, a U2 spy plane pilot shot down over Russia during the Cold War.
Available only in single player undercover missions, the Hi-Standard Silenced
is a formidable and often overlooked weapon. For its intended purpose, the Hi-
Standard can be pulled out quickly to neutralise officers and key personnel
without drawing attention or setting off the alarms.
On top of this, the Hi-Standard is an outstanding pseudo-shotgun. At close
ranges, the Hi-Standard is very accurate and can take out a target with one
hit. Even at long ranges, the hitting power of the Hi-Standard can still take
out an enemy with a single shot, even though the accuracy plummets drastically.
The downside is, of course, the manual operation and the incredibly slow rate
of fire. While very powerful, an automatic would be preferable where stealth
As with all pistols, the Hi-Standard has a melee attack.
2.4 - General Pistol Tactics
While the Hi-Standard is not available in Multiplayer, the Colt .45 and Walther
P-38 are automatically issued to players on the Allied and Axis teams
Due to the pistols' lack of power, accuracy and ammunition capacity, it is
always recommended to use a different weapon instead. Pistols are also the
lightest weapons, so if you want to get from A to B faster without compromising
the lack of defense due to holstering your weapon, a pistol is quite practical.
Some snipers hold their pistols instead of their sniper rifles while on the
A standard tactic is to switch to the pistol during a weapon reload. Pulling
out the pistol is generally faster than reloading a weapon, and allows you to
quickly finish off a wounded opponent.
In Allied Assault, the pistol is also the only weapon that can be used in a
melee attack. To initiate a melee attack, use the secondary fire button
(default: right mouse button). A player at full health requires 2-3 melee hits
to be killed. Since you must switch to a pistol to engage in melee combat, it
is not recommended as a general combat tactic unless you already have your
pistol out and have no other option, or simply want a humiliation kill.
-Short range only
-Only use as a backup weapon
-Fast draw, fast run speed, inaccurate at long range
The standard weapon of every army in WWII, rifles have a long history. Being
one of the first developments of firearms, the rifled gun allowed a projectile
to be fired further and with more accuracy. As time progressed, the rifle was
improved with repeating functions, box magazines and semi-automatic fire. At
the time of WWII, only the American army had a semi-automatic rifle as their
standard weapon. The others continued to use their old rifles from WWI, tried
and true, and they remained in use throughout WWII even after other weapons had
Before the development of assault carbines such as the M4A1, rifles were
primarily intended for long-range engagements, as weapon length and recoil were
difficult to manage in cramped combat environments.
Allied Assault features both scoped and non-scoped rifles. Both types handle
very similarly, and are both included in the Rifle tab in the weapon loadout
After the First World War, America realised the need to provide an automatic
weapon as a standard weapon for their troops. The M1903 Springfield, despite
its power, accuracy and reliability, did not provide a large volume of fire.
This was the requirement under which John C. Garand designed the Garand rifle.
Operated by a gas piston underneath the barrel, which rotated the bolt after
each shot, the Garand was able to fire as fast as the soldier could pull the
trigger. The only flaw in the design came with the fact that the Garand could
only be loaded with a full clip, preventing the firer from topping up.
Also as a result of en-bloc clip, the rifle made a characteristic "ping" sound
when the final round in a clip was fired. Japanese soldiers used this to time
their charges, and later the Chinese and North Koreans did the same in the
Officially adopted by the American army in 1932, America started the war as the
only country with a semi-automatic weapon as a standard-issue weapon. Despite
a shortage in M1 Garands, the weapon was issued to all frontline riflemen,
proving to be an effective weapon by providing fast and accurate fire, giving
Americans the firepower advantage over German riflemen. Indeed, the M1 Garand
is one of the best combat rifles ever designed, and remained in use in the
Korean and Vietnam Wars in both its original and its M1C/M1D sharpshooter
Available early on in single player and selectable in Multiplayer, the M1
Garand is a solid, easy to use and powerful weapon. Being a rifle, the M1
Garand can take out a target in 2-4 shots or one shot to the head, and being a
semi-automatic rifle, it can get those shots in very fast. The Garand has a bit
of a kick when firing very quickly, but the recoil is easily controllable.
Note that the Garand cannot be reloaded in the middle of a clip. All 8 rounds
must be fired off before a fresh clip can be loaded.
The Mauser company has a strong and successful history, known especially for
several weapons: the C/96 Military Model pistol, which fired a 7.93mm round,
numerous rifles including the Kar98k, and undoubtedly the best machine gun
of the war: the MG42.
Mauser's success began with the German adoption of a Mauser rifle in 1871,
which eventually culminated in the Gewehr 98. The Gewehr 98 proved to be the
most powerful yet safest bolt-action rifle of its time, and was used for
civilian purposes such as sport. One of its features was the inclusion of a
fully internal magazine, which held 5 rounds and was contained perfectly in the
wooden furniture, making it comfortable to sling. This later proved to be
quite restrictive due to the low amount of ammunition, but was welcome
nonetheless. The Gewehr 98 was also manufactured from the finest materials with
precision gunmaking techniques, setting it apart from other weapons of its
kind. It was during this time that military enthusiasts did away with the
separate long rifles and carbines and used a medium-length rifle for all units.
This led to the shorter Karabiner 98 model, and it was gradually refined to
the standard-issue Kar98k model. Due to its exceptional accuracy, many Kar98k's
were issued with scopes as a standard sniper's weapon.
The Kar98k's power and accuracy came from the locking mechanism. It consisted
of three locking lugs: two at the front of the bolt and one at the rear,
giving maximum power. The catch was that the bolt-action was somewhat awkward,
requiring a 90 degree rotation utilising the firer's right arm. Due to this
action, the Kar98k could not match the fast rate of fire of the Lee-Enfield,
which only required the use of the firer's wrist. Despite this, the Kar98k
proved to be extremely reliable and remained the standard infantry weapon of
the German army, especially with the shortage of Stg44's.
While Allied Assault has both a regular Kar98k rifle and a scoped Kar98k,
technically they are both the same weapon, and as such they are both listed
under this entry.
The Scoped Kar98k is available in several single player missions, and is
selectable as a sniper weapon in Multiplayer. The secondary fire button brings
up the scope reticule, which consists of two black lines coming in from the
sides, and one line coming up from the bottom with a sharp tip. The tip of the
middle line indicates the point of impact. The Scoped Kar98k can be fired with
perfect accuracy while unscoped, but is a bit more cumbersome to use. Note that
the Scoped Kar98k fires faster than its American counterpart, the Springfield
'03. Also, the Scoped Kar98k reloads one round at a time.
The non-scoped Kar98k is selectable in Multiplayer in the rifle set. The Kar98k
is faster to run with, easier to swing around and can kill in 2-3 hits.
However, it is a bolt-action rifle, and has a much slower rate of fire. This
makes it unsuitable for close combat. The Kar98k reloads using a 5-round
Note that the regular Kar98k CAN be found in single player. On the Omaha Beach
level, do NOT pick up the Springfield found in the crater next to the bunker.
You can then pick up a Kar98k after killing a German inside the bunker complex.
3.3 - Springfield '03
Name: M1903A4 Springfield
Country of origin: USA
Available for: American, British
Calibre: .30-06 (7.62 x 63mm)
Magazine capacity: 5 rounds
Firing mechanism: Bolt-action
In the 1890's, the US Army was looking into several rifle designs for adoption.
Among them, the Mauser caught their eye, and soon they purchased licenses to
copy certain parts of the Mauser. In 1900, the first Springfield rifle was
developed. However, this weapon proved to be unsatisfactory, and it was
re-designed along with its bullet. Chambered for the .30 round developed in
1906 (hence, .30-06), the Springfield modified several features of the Mauser
design, including a two-piece bolt and improved rear-sights. The Springfield
was the standard-issue rifle of the American Army in WWI.
The Springfield underwent some refinements and modifications, including the
Pederson Device, which converted the Springfield into a light automatic weapon
firing a special round, intended to allow a charging soldier to continue to
suppress enemy positions out of machine gun range. However, the war ended
before it could be used, so all converted Springfields were scrapped. The
M1903A3 was introduced in 1942, designed for mass-production and supplied units
before the M1 Garand was finally shipped to all units, which was somewhat later
in the Pacific theatre.
The M1903A4 was the sniper variant of the Springfield, featuring permanent
blocks to attach a telescopic sight and had the iron sights removed, giving a
curious "naked" look. The standard weapon for snipers, the Springfield was
incredibly accurate and reliable.
The American counterpart to the Scoped Kar98k, the Springfield '03 is available
in many single player missions, and is selectable as the sniper set in
Multiplayer. Like the Scoped Kar98k, the Springfield is best used for long
range precision fire, but can also be fired at short range in an emergency.
The scope can be brought up by using the secondary fire button. The scope
consists of a generic thin black crosshair. While easier to use than the German
T-crosshair, the Springfield crosshair can obstruct vision of a target.
Note that the Springfield, despite doing the same damage as the Scoped Kar98k,
fires at a slightly slower rate.
3.4 - General Rifle Tactics
Speaking strictly in terms of Multplayer, there are are two distinct rifle
kits: the regular rifle kit, containing the M1 Garand or Kar98k, and the sniper
set, which uses the Springfield '03 or Scoped Kar98k. Despite the obvious scope
difference, the only practical different is that the sniper sets are more
suited to long range work due to their zoom magnifications.
Regardless, regular rifles can be used for the same purposes, but without the
restrictions of having a scope. Regular rifles are lighter, and therefore
players can run faster with them. They also do excellent damage, and while they
generally aren't suitable for close combat, the M1 Garand can easily hold its
own against even submachine guns.
The use of both sniper rifles and regular rifles is more or less similar. You
can either pick a nice spot to cover an approach or chokepoint and pick off
enemies who appear, or one can roam around with a rifle to take out anything
they come across. Naturally, the sniper rifles are more suitable for the
former, while the regular rifles are better for the latter. Still, both are
similar enough for use in either situation.
Unfortunately, Allied Assault does a poor job of modelling rifle damage. While
the Springfield and Scoped Kar98k are more than strong enough with their one-
hit kill potential, the M1 Garand and Kar98k are amazingly weak, and turn out
to be quite impractical. As such, regular rifles are more of a novelty weapon
rather than a practical firearm. Long range work is best left to sniper rifles
and even machine guns, while short range work is dominated by submachine guns.
-Long range purposes
-Sniper rifles have excellent zoom magnification
-Sniper rifles are usually one-hit kills in the head and torso
-Regular rifles are generally not too useful
The premise of the submachine gun came from the need to equipment regular
infantry soldiers with a weapon capable of outputting a large amount of
firepower. The light machine gun made this possible, but it was impractical to
equip every soldier with it. The solution was to create an automatic weapon
firing pistol ammunition, and this spawned the submachine gun.
Early models, such as the Thompson and MP18, were manufactured with traditional
methods, including wooden furniture. Later in the war, cheaper, mass-produced
models were designed, including the PPS-43, Sten and MP40. While crude and
often disliked, these weapons equipped many squad members, and whole Russian
Guards units were equipped with them.
Modern submachine guns are now made out of modern plastics, and come in various
shapes and sizes, varying from the rifle-style MP5 to the incredibly small,
automatic pistol-shaped Mini-Uzis.
Developed by General John T. Thompson during the First World War, the Thompson
was intended as a 'trench broom' to sweep German trenches. The war ended before
it was perfected, so it was produced and sold to various countries before being
adopted by the US Army. The Thompson was a completely new weapon, finely
machined and manufactured to the highest standards. Its main feature was the
Blish delayed-blowback system, which consisted of a wedge closing the breech
while chamber pressure was high, but opened after the bullet left the barrel,
allowing the bolt to recoil, eject the spent case and load the next round. On
top of this, the Thompson featured a Cutts compensator, which reduced the gun's
tendency to rise when fired on full automatic, and a wooden pistol fore-grip.
Designated the M1928, the Thompson was common in US and British forces, being
issued 20- and 30-round box magazines as well as a 50-round drum which was
later phased out due to the loud noise it made when on the move.
During this time, the Thompson was popular among American police units as well
as crime organisations, being the favoured weapon of many hit-and-runs.
The M1928 Thompson was a complicated weapon to manufacture and was very
expensive. To simplify production, the Cutts compensator was discarded, the
wooden-foregrip was replaced with a conventional fore-end stock, the separate
firing pin was fixed to the bolt and the Blish system was replaced with a
conventional delayed blowback system. The latter caused some grief, since the
Blish system was what made the Thompson a unique weapon, but this was resolved
after threats of independent production. This model became the M1 Thompson, and
remained in favour with troops even after cheaper weapons such as the M3 Grease
Gun came into service. A final modification came in the form of the M1A1, which
replaced the firing pin and hammer with a firing pin machined into the bolt
Although slightly on the heavy side, the Thompson was the most reliable weapon
of its type, and remained in service until the Vietnam War.
Of the two submachine guns, the Thompson has the faster rate of fire. On top of
that, the spray pattern of the Thompson is also a lot more concentrated, so a
longer, sustained bursts has more chance of hitting a target.
While going all out in close range is pretty much the standard tactic, go for
shorter bursts for long-distance targets. Even better: rather than try to snipe
a target at long range, simply do not engage with a submachine gun, and instead
try a different approach to the target.
The Thompson's damage is wholly impressive. The main source of kills will come
from the ability to hit a target multiple times in a short period.
Note that the Thompson in Allied Assault fires in full-automatic only.
Prior to the Second World War, the German Army began re-arming its war machine.
After observing events in the Spanish Civil War, the German Army approached
designer Berthold Giepel to design a submachine gun. Giepel submitted a
pre-made prototype in 1938, which was accepted into service as the Maschinen
Pistole 38, or MP38. However, it was still manufactured using traditional
methods, so it was improved and designated the MP40, using more steel stampings
and welding to facilitate mass-production and incorporating several safety
The MP40 was a revolutionary weapon for its time. It was the first weapon to
use all-metal construction as well as featuring a folding metal stock. It also
featured a small 'lip' under the muzzle, allowing it to be fired from a vehicle
without it jerking back. It was incredibly light, and more importantly it was
cheap and easy to manufacture. Firing up to 500 rounds per minute, the MP40 was
an extremely effective weapon and issued to officers and assault units.
Although crude in appearance compared to traditional weapons such as the
Thompson, the MP40 was distinctive in its appearance and become the trademark
image of the Wehrmacht soldier.
While having a slower rate of fire than the American Thompson, and with a much
more erratic spray pattern, the MP40 is surprisingly good for squeezing off
one- or two-round bursts at long distance targets, making the MP40 slightly
better at long-range engagements than the Thompson.
The MP40 has 2 more rounds in the magazine than the Thompson, but it has
negligible impact on actual performance.
4.3 - General Submachine Gun Tactics
The submachine gun, in Allied Assault as in real life, is primarily intended
for close quarters combat. While damage does not decline over distance,
submachine guns quickly lose effectiveness over long ranges due to the greater
loss in accuracy, resulting in a much larger spray pattern.
Of course, that isn't to say that a distant target cannot be killed with a
submachine gun. By firing in short bursts or squeezing off single rounds,
especially when aiming at the torso, the submachine gun can hit distant
targets, and the recoil can bring the weapon up to score a headshot.
At medium ranges, firing in longer, 4-5 round burst. Strafe your opponent to
make it harder to be hit, while maintain your crosshair over the enemy's torso
and firing when the target runs across your cross hair. "Walk" the shots up to
the target's head, as indicated by the hit puffs rising from the weapon's
At close ranges, just spray and pray. There's a lot of luck involved, and
tactics will not ultimately determine the outcome of the skirmish.
Most importantly, know when to engage a target and when not to. The submachine
gun is simply not suited for long-distance firefights, especially if the enemy
has a machine gun or sniper rifle. It is better to break off contact and attack
from a different approach to swing the battleground back onto your terms; that
is, close combat.
-Best suited for close quarters combat
-Fire in bursts at medium-long ranges
-Spray and pray at close ranges
-Good firepower, reasonable ammunition capacity
By definition, a machine gun is a weapon design to output a massive amount of
firepower to suppress enemy positions. Technically speaking, the two machine
guns in the game aren't machine guns. However, in Allied Assault they are
heavier, more powerful alternatives to the submachine guns, and so they are
lumped into the machine gun category.
5.1 - BAR
Name: M1918A2 Browning Automatic Rifle
Country of origin: USA
Available for: Allies
Calibre: .30-06 (7.62 x 63mm)
Magazine capacity: 20 rounds
Firing mechanism: Full-automatic, gas-operated
Rate of fire: 450 or 650 rounds per minute, selectable
Weight: 8.8kg with empty magazine
Designed in 1915-16 by John M. Browning, who also developed the M1911 Colt
pistol and .30 and .50 cal machine guns, the Browning Automatic Rifle filled
the role of 'squad automatic weapon'. Although intended as an assault weapon,
the BAR proved to be an effective support weapon and was adopted by the
Belgian, Polish and Swedish armies. The BAR underwent some modifications,
including changing the position of the bipod, and later models had a variable
fire option, changing from 550 rounds per minute to faster rates of fire.
A typical squad had one BAR gunner, and later in the war the number was
increased to two per squad. BAR gunners usually had an assistant to carry more
ammunition, and because of the importance of the BAR's steady firepower, it was
often entrusted to the most reliable soldier. Many men preferred to use the BAR
without its bipod to save weight.
Despite its effectiveness, the BAR was never as good as the designer hoped. It
was way too heavy to be an effective rifle. The weight alone made it a pain to
shoulder, and the vibration from firing made it impossible to maintain a steady
aim. On the other hand, it was too light to be an effective light machine gun.
It was unstead on its bipod, its 20-round magazine meant it had to be reloaded
frequently, the bottom-mounted magazine made it difficult to reload from a
prone position, and the barrel couldn't be changed when it overheated.
Despite these shortcomings, the BAR remained a solid weapon and was kept in
service for over 50 years in various armies, while leftovers were sold to other
Available as the American machine gun, the BAR is a solid, accurate and hard-
hitting weapon. The Allied Assault version only fires in the slow-automatic
mode (ie. it does not have a select-fire feature), and hence is substantially
slower than the Stg44 and submachine guns.
The BAR is heavy, a bit slow to reload, and its 20-round magazine can be
exhausted quite quickly despite its slow rate of fire. However, it is amazingly
accurate at longer ranges, and is more suited for medium-long range combat
rather than close ranges.
Fire the weapon in short bursts at long ranges to prevent the recoil from
getting out of hand. At close ranges it doesn't really matter, but the
significant recoil can be manipulated to score lethal headshots.
Name: Sturmgewehr 44
Country of origin: Germany
Available for: Axis
Calibre: 7.92 x 33mm Kurz
Magazine capacity: 30 rounds
Firing mechanism: Selective-fire, gas-operated
Rate of fire: 500 rounds per minute
In the 1930's, German military authorities questioned the purpose of the
standard infantry rifle. It was realised that even the earliest rifles were
capable of firing a bullet to distances over 1000m. It was almost impossible
for a soldier to see that far, let alone aim and hit something at that
distance. This realisation set off the possibility of using a shorter
cartridge, reducing effective range, but at the same time reducing weight,
allowing the soldier to carry more ammunition. In 1940, the Maschinen Karabiner
42 was developed as a prototype weapon and tested on the Russian Front. It was
an effective weapon according to the principles behind it, and many features
were taken from it and incorporated into the new rifle in development. The
developers eagerly requested Hitler's permission to produce the weapon. Hitler
proved stubborn, and using the very beliefs that the principles proved wrong,
Hitler criticised the ineffective range of the new cartridge and denied
permission for the weapon to be produced.
This caused a problem for the designers. They had already equipped their
factories to mass-produce the weapon, and in fact had already started making
them. Without Hitler's permission, they continued to manufacture the weapon
and issued it to troops as the "MP44", disguised as a submachine gun. This in
turn please Hitler due to exceptional submachine gun production figures. That
was until Hitler held a meeting with his generals, who requested more of the
"new rifles". After a brief period of anger, the Fuhrer finally accepted the
rifle and named it the "Sturmgewehr", the "Assault Rifle".
Despite this official acceptance, production never caught up with demand. Being
made out of steel-stampings and plastics, the Sturmgewehr 44 was a
revolutionary weapon, the first of a class of weapons that are now standard in
The Stg44 isn't just a souped-up version of the MP40. It's almost a perfect
weapon in itself. And so it should be, an entire single player mission is
dedicated to capturing a specimen for investigation (and to tear through
The weapon has a fast rate of fire, reasonably low recoil, very high damage,
respectable accuracy AND has a 30-round magazine. The Stg44 can be used in
short burst for long range fire and suppression, and longer bursts for close
range combat and assault purposes. The Stg44 is THE assault rifle, and is an
outstanding combination of all weapons.
Of course, the weapon itself isn't invincible. Submachine guns are lighter and
fire faster, while rifles and the BAR outmatch it in accuracy. Despite all
this, the Stg44 is a formidable weapon and certainly a match for any weapon at
Note that the Allied Assault version of the Stg44 does not feature select-fire.
It can only fire in full-automatic.
5.3 - General Machine Gun Tactics
Typically speaking, the BAR and Stg44 should mainly be used for medium-range
work. At this range, both weapons will not be crippled by the fast and frantic
submachine gun, nor are they at a range disadvantage against rifles. This is
their optimum range.
Of course, both can be used at shorter and longer ranges. The Stg44 is more
suitable for close ranges, while the BAR is more effective at longer ranges.
Being able to master these weapons at any range can create a very efficient
Unfortunately, the weight factor plays a heavy part. One of the main
dissuasions against machine guns is the slow running speed, compared to the
much lighter submachine guns, which are practically toned down versions of the
Unlike submachine guns and rifles, machine guns can engage targets at
practically any range with a certain level of effectiveness. As such, do not be
afraid to take on enemies at really long or really short distances, even if the
odds are against you. Controlled, accurate fire is what the machine guns do
-Good for all ranges
-Best at medium range
-Full-automatic, excellent for assaults
-Heavier than most weapons
History doesn't extend so far back for grenades, but the concept itself has
been around for a while. Ever since the development of portable explosives,
devices have been used to throw or otherwise launch an explosive to reasonable
distances. Originally, such devices might have involved gunpowder wrapped in
some sort of packaging, and afterwards sticks of dynamite. The modern grenade
appeared in the 20th century in different forms, and have kept similar trends
in design. Grenades were also used for other purposes, such as smoke screens or
specific destruction of equipment.
Allied Assault features one grenade for each team. Grenades do splash damage,
and are definitely a tactically useful weapon
When the United States entered the First World War, it became apparent that
they lacked a standard-issue hand grenade. Basing their designs off the
existing British Mills Bomb and the French F-1 grenade, the Mk I grenade was
The Mk I grenade featured a serrated surface, with 40 segments divided into 8
columns and five rows, which sprayed shrapnel in all directions upon
detonation. The grenade also featured a complicated safety mechanism to ensure
that the thrower did not harm himself before the grenade was thrown.
This safety mechanism was the ultimate cause to the failure of the Mk I
grenade. The throw had to remove the split pin, then turn the safety lever
before throwing the grenade. Consequently, when trialed in combat, a fair
proportioned of grenades were not properly armed. Commanders immediately
demanded that the grenade be put out of service.
The Mark II grenade was then designed. It used the same charge and
configuration as the Mark I, but featured a shorter safety lever, resembling
the Mills grenade. The thrower could hold the grenade as long as he wanted to,
provided he kept the lever closed. As soon as the lever is released, the five
second fuse kicked in. These grenades were initially painted bright yellow, the
official color of ordnance, but was repainted in olive drab due to the
impracticality of carrying a bright yellow grenade in combat.
Nicknamed the "Pineapple" due to its shape, the Mk II had a tendency to break
up into large chunks upon detonation, resulting in uneven fragmentation
patterns. It was used until the Vietnam War in the 1960's, supplementing the
M26 grenade. After the War they were phased out of combat.
Issued to all American soldiers, the Frag grenade is similar to its German
counterpart. The Frag grenade has a shorter throwing distance, but a larger
blast radius. Damage is very high, and any enemies caught in the center of the
blast is practically guaranteed death.
Nicknamed the "Potato Masher" due to its curious shape, this German stick
grenade became a typical image of the Wehrmact soldier. The Stielhandgranate
featured a small explosive "head" attached to a long wooden handle. The handle
allowed the thrower to throw the grenade much further than an ordinary grenade.
To arm the grenade, the thrower had to unscrew the cap off the base and pull
it, which started the 4-5 second fuse.
Despite its distance advantage, the Stielhandgranate was not as effective as
other grenades. The main reason was because it relied more in explosive damage
rather than fragmentation. The rather erratic fuse also meant that it was
difficult to cook properly, resulting in grenades being thrown back or even
blowing up in the thrower's hand.
Despite popular belief, the Stielhandgranate was not the only grenade used by
the German army. The Germans also used an "Egg" grenade which resembled
contemporary grenades and was much smaller.
The German counterpart to the American Frag grenade, the Stielhandgranate can
be thrown further, but has a smaller blast radius.
6.3 - General Grenade Tactics
One of the easiest, hardest hitting weapons to use, the grenade offers a
medium-range solution to clearing out rooms and flushing out enemies. Distance
is determined by the angle the grenade is thrown at. With experience, grenades
can be lobbed precisly behind obstacles and through windows.
The tactical use of the grenade will minimise risk before storming a
strongpoint or a suspected enemy location. If you think an enemy might be
inside the next room, lob a grenade in. After the grenade explodes, rush in
with a weapon and finish the target off. If the grenade doesn't kill them, they
will be heavily wounded and will be at a significant disadvantage against you.
Grenades are also excellent for taking out massed concentrations of enemies.
However, if friendly fire is on, be careful of where you lob grenades: more
likely than not, your own teammates will be right next to the enemy units.
You cannot cook grenades in Allied Assault. Grenades typically have a 5-second
fuse, which begins the moment you release the grenade from your hand. You could
hold the grenade in your hand as long as you want despite pulling the pin, and
it won't blow up.
-Short-medium range use
-Explosive blast radius
-Can be lobbed into rooms and windows
-Can't be cooked
7.0 - HEAVY WEAPONS
Allied Assault seems to have lobbed every other weapon into its own category:
Heavy Weapons. This category contains the Shotgun, the Bazooka and the
Panzerschreck. Each weapon will have their own background.
Another design by the famed John M. Browning, the Winchester M1897 was
developed to dominate the conditions found in the First World War. During the
American Civil War, shotguns were used to some success, and were employed
sporadically throughout military history. The Americans in the First World War
realised the suitable combat environment for shotguns in the narrow trenches of
the Western Front, and by designing a rapid-fire shotgun and issuing it to
frontline troops, devastating impacts were made.
The M97 Winchester shotgun was lighter than the contemporary Springfield M1903
rifle and had a much shorter barrel, allowing it to be easily carried and swung
around. The 12 gauge shotgun shells, at such close ranges, tore through enemy
soldiers. There are reports of Germans attacking American lines, running into a
torrent of shotgun pellets and quickly being turned into a pile of carcasses.
Because of how devastating the Winchester shotgun was, the Germans demanded
that such a weapon be banned under the rules of war.
A special heat shield grip was used in trenches to prevent the weapon from
being damage during and between shots. Five rounds were stored in the tubular
magazine under the barrel, with one round in the chamber itself. Some shotguns
had a special bayonet adapter, which could attach a standard-issue bayonet.
The M97 was used by all military arms at some point or another, and was
employed in smaller numbers in the Second World War. As newer and better
shotguns were developed, the Winchester began to be phased out, but still saw
use in Korea and Vietnam.
That's the only way to describe the Shotgun. Available for both teams, the
shotgun is reasonably lightweight. Accuracy is pitiful at long range, but at
close range, this thing KILLS. Point blank shots will definitely kill in one
hit, and medium range hits will usually cripple enemies down to 10% of their
health or so. The closer the target, the more shotgun pellets hit, and hence
the more damage.
The shotgun reloads one shell at a time, and can take some time to reload to
full capacity. However, reloading speed for individual shells is quite fast,
and you can instantly fire during reload to send more shells desperately at
enemies. A common tactic is to continue firing until the magazine is empty,
load a single round, then fire again. The speed difference between a regular
pump action and a reload is marginal. Even at long range, pellets will still
continue to chip down at health until they engage in close range.
Naturally, the best scenario to use the Shotgun is at close range. However, the
absolute dominance of this weapon leads to many complaints, and in many ways
the Shotgun is "overpowered".
To combat the armored threat that Germany was known to possess, the Americans
began developing close-range countermeasures for infantry. The idea at the time
was a .60 cal anti-tank rifle, following the trend set by other nations with
their anti-tank rifles.
At the same time, the "shaped-charge" principle was developed. The principle,
otherwise known as the hollow-charged principle, consisted of an explosive
molded into a conical shape and placed within a copper cone. The igniter was
located at the base of the cone, and the resulting explosion forced a burst of
intensely hot particles through the cone at incredibly high speeds, capable of
forcing through thick steel plates and effectively piercing them. While not yet
developed as a weapon, the US Army saw the potential in this system and
procured many of these warheads.
The actual development of the weapon came from US Army Captain Leslie Skinner
and Navy Lieutenant Edward Uhl. Known for his experiments with mortars and
rockets, Skinner modified a mortar tube and used a rocket propellant for the
shaped-charged warheads. With this design complete, Skinner used the model as
part of a demonstration of anti-tank weapons.
This rocket launcher was only a sideshow to the hyped anti-tank rifles.
However, while the anti-tank rifles had mediocre performance, Skinner's rocket
launcher obliterated every target it was used against. Accurate at short
ranges, and successfully blowing the turret right off a Sherman, the rocket
launcher shocked and impressed Army officials, and the weapon was adopted on
the spot as the M1 Rocket Launcher, and was mass produced afterwards. Troops
nicknamed the weapon the "Bazooka", after its physical resemblance to the
Bazooka sound instrument invented by Bob Burns.
The M1 Bazooka used electric ignition to fire the rocket (loaded from the
rear), powered by batteries stored in the wooden shoulder stock, and also had a
wooden fore-grip. The tube itself was one-piece, and the warheads were attached
to a fin-stablised rocket. The weapon had to be switched "on" to be fired, and
its status was indicated by an on/off lamp on the shoulder stock. The M1A1
model did away with the on/off system, removed the wooden fore-grip and
introduced a disc-shaped mesh shield to protect the firer from the backblast.
The latter proved to be cumbersome and ineffective, and was not used by troops,
instead being replaced with an iron funnel.
The M9A1 model was a major overhaul. The one-piece tube was replaced with a
two-piece tube, which could be split for easier transportation, and the wooden
grip and stock were replaced with iron ones. The batteries were proven to be
unreliable and were replaced with a small generator. The iron muzzle funnel
used in the M1A1 was standardised as part of the M9A1, and the iron sights were
replaced with optical sights. The M9A1 was produced during and after 1944.
One final version of the Bazooka appeared towards the end of the war and used
afterwards. The M20 "Super Bazooka" made several refinements to the M9A1 model
and fired a 3.5in rocket, easily multiplying damage by up to three times, and
could literally obliterate a T-34 tank.
Bazooka teams usually consisted of a gunner, who aimed and fired the rocket,
and a loader/assistant, who loaded the weapon and observed the shot.
That's the only way to describe the Bazooka. While the Shotgun dominates at
close range, the Bazooka dominates everywhere. 90% of the time, any target
caught in its blast radius will die. The blast radius is just as large as
grenades, and it is MUCH easier to use. Just a simple point-and-click action.
Thankfully, there are SOME disadvantages. The Bazooka is painfully slow to walk
around with, making you a very easy target. Rockets have a nasty tendency to
spiral out of control at longer ranges, a rocketeer can only carry several
rockets, and reload time is very, very slow. Still, for a weapon that can take
out 2-3 enemies per shot, the advantages far outweight the disadvantages.
It is generally accepted that the Bazooka is a cheap weapon and should not be
used. New players are drawn to the Bazooka for obvious reasons, and are not
afraid to kill themselves by firing a rocket a close range if they know they
can take out another enemy.
During the North Africa campaign, the German army discovered an amazing
American weapon: the "Bazooka", a rocket launcher firing fin-stablised shaped-
charge warheads, and capable of devastating tanks. Realising the potential for
this weapon, and acknowledging that it was superior to any infantry anti-tank
weapon they had, the Bazooka was copied and improved, forming the
Raketenpanzerbüchse 43, "Rocket Tank Rifle".
Popularly known as the Panzerschreck, "Tank Terror", and Ofenrohr, "Stove
Pipe", among the troops, the weapon was essentially the same as the M9A1
Bazooka. The Panzerschreck used a metal shoulder stock and fired rockets using
an electric ignition system. However, to improve the performance of the
Panzerschreck, the Germans opted for the 8.8cm rocket as the projectile, rather
than the smaller 6.0cm rocket used in the Bazooka, resulting in a far superior
The trigger assembly had two triggers: one trigger cocked the magnetic ignition
system, and the second trigger pushed the magnetic rod through a coil,
generating the electric current necessary to fire the rocket. The rocket itself
was stablised in flight by a steel ring at the rear, similar to aircraft bombs.
The rockets were available in summer and winter version, each with different
propellent loadings for different thermal conditions.
One of the flaws of the Panzerschreck was that the rocket propellent continued
to burn for a few seconds after launch, putting the firer at risk of being
burnt. Initially, firers wore gloves and a mask, but the later
Raketenpanzerbüchse 54 rectified the problem by installing a metal blast shield
at the front of the trigger assembly.
Like the American Bazooka teams, the Panzerschreck was best used in a two-man
team with a gunner and a loader. Early teams had little success due to
overconfidence in the Panzerschreck's design, resulting in engagements of up to
1000m, despite the Panzerschreck only being effective to 150m or so. It took
some time for the Panzerschreck's abilities to be gauged and realised,
surpassing the Panzerfaust.
The Axis counterpart to the Allied Bazooka, the Panzerschreck is identical in
every respect. The rockets kill in one hit, have a large blast radius, tends to
be inaccurate, has slow reload, etc.
And, like the Bazooka, the Panzerschreck is horrendously overpowered, and is
looked down upon by other players.
The only difference between the Panzerschreck and Bazooka of some significance
is that the Panzerschreck has a front shield, which does nothing to stop
bullets, but does a good job at hindering vision.
8.0 - OTHER WEAPONS
Below are various weapons found throughout the game, but don't fall into the
Name: Maschinengewehr 1942
Country of origin: Germany
Available for: All (fixed locations)
Calibre: 7.92 x 57mm Mauser
Magazine capacity: 250-round linkable belts
Firing mechanism: Full-automatic, recoil-operated
Rate of fire: 1200 rounds per minute
Weight: 11.5kg on bipod
In the 1930's, the German Army required a machine gun to rearm its forces.
After a few unsatisfactory adoptions, the Mauser company came up with a
revolutionary design: the MG34. It incorporated several new features: the
"straight-line" principle, where the butt is part of the barrel line, reducing
the tendency to rise when firing on full-a
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